Irrespective of the fact whether you are a welder who welding professionally or a DIYer who welds once in a while, the common thing is welding requires significant skill. Having prior knowledge about welding, welding rods, and being accustomed to basic safety measures can ease the entire process.
Welding is an uncomplicated process using electrodes or welding rods. The welding machine is connected to a power source and a welding rod to create an arc between the electrode and the material that is to be welded. It is primarily used for heavy-duty iron and steel welding. Welding also has a wide range of use in repair and maintenance industries, construction, and the iron industry.
Even though it is a rather uncomplicated and easy process, welding hazards are a common occurrence which every beginner should be aware of. Following are some of the safety tips every beginner welder should take into account:
An immediate risk for any welder is getting electrocuted. A mere shock can lead to serious injuries or even death. Torn wires, faulty outlets, wet environments, voltage drops are just some of the many causes behind a potentially fatal electric shock.
The tip of the welding rod operates at an extremely high temperature, which can easily result in accidental fires caused damage. Always ensure to keep flammable objects like gas cylinders and clothing materials away from the welding station. Accidentally knocking over a gas cylinder or other flammable products in a crammed workplace can wreak havoc damages.
Welding is an exothermic process that also emits toxic fumes and gases. This entirely depends on the product and welding rod that is being used, but it is always a wise decision to take the necessary steps to prevent direct contact with these fumes. One of the most common gases produced while welding is hexavalent chromium which is extremely dangerous upon overexposure.
These are just some of the hazards that a welding environment possesses. With proper safety measures, beginner and professional welders can avoid these hazards thereby potentially avoiding serious and/or fatal accidents.
Following are some of the basic safety measures that are to be taken in a welding environment:
A welding helmet protects the operator’s face from sparks and harmful radiations. Prolonged exposure to the welding rays can cause massive damage to the eyes. It is wise to wear a welding helmet even if you are in the proximity of a welding workstation.
The tip of a welding rod can heat up to 10000˚ C. Therefore, it is always wise to use industry standardised heat resistant gloves to protect your hands. There are a variety of different intensity gloves available for different welding purposes. It is important to stay fully protected before venturing into welding.
Your skin is most prone to accidental injuries caused by heat or gas emissions. Wearing proper protective clothing, and covering your entire body from head-to-toe with heat-resistant clothing while welding is very important. Welding jackets are easily available and can be teamed with jeans or other trousers of heat-resistant materials are a good option for protective gear.
Other than these steps, ensuring proper ventilation, maintaining a clean work environment, and most importantly being thorough with the entire process of using welding rods for welding is equally important. You can choose from some of the safest and industry-graded welding rods from TATA Agrico to ensure a safe and efficient weld.